Medical School

American University of the Caribbean, School of Medicine
Montserrat, British West Indies
Doctorate of Medicine 1985

Residency

Saint Vincent's Medical Center of Richmond
Staten Island, NY
Internal Medicine 1985-1988
Chief Medical Resident 1987-1988

Medical School

McGill University
Montreal, Canada
Faculty of Sciences 1977-1978
Faculty of Medicine 1978-1982
Doctorate of Medicine 1982

Residency

University of California, San Diego
San Diego, CA
Internal Medicine 1983-1985

Medical School

University of Cape Town
Cape Town, South Africa
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery 1975
Cum Laude

Residency

Ichilov Hospital
Tel Aviv, Israel
Cardiology 1977-1978

Groote Schuur Hospital
Cape Town, South Africa
Radiology 1979-1980
Internal Medicine 1980-1985

Medical School

Rush University Medical School
Chicago, IL
Doctorate of Medicine 1977

Residency

Santa Barbara Cottage & General Hospitals
Santa Barbara, CA
1979-1980

Medical School

Western University of Health Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine of the Pacific-Northwest
Pomona, CA
Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine 1991